Decorative mid-18th century French map of Indonesia by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1703-1772), who spent more than 50 years at the French Hydrographic Service where he was appointed the first Ingénieur hydrographe de la Marine and was commissioned to carry out new surveys, first of the coasts of France and then of all the known coasts of the world. The map was published in the Petit atlas maritime in 1764. The map is identical to the one produced by Bellin for A.F. Prévost’s Histoire générales des Voyages in Paris between 1747 and 1775.
Size: 29 cm x 25 cm
This map was originally published in Amsterdam by Isaak Tirion in his ‘Nieuwe en Beknopte Handatlas’ (New and Short Hand Atlas) of the region. The map shows South East Asia from Cambodia/Malacca to Celebes (nowadays Sulawesi) including the islands of Sumatra, Java and Borneo.
Size: 37 cm x 28 cm
An early 18th century map of Sumatra and the southern part of the Malay peninsula in modern outline colour by Francois Valentyn is from his eight-volume history of the East Indies entitled Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indien that was published in Amsterdam by Gerard Onder de Linden and the bookseller Joannes van Bram between 1724 and 1726. The work contained numerous charts of the major islands including this large map of Sumatra oriented with east at the top.
Size image: 51 cm x 60 cm (printed on canvas)
Taprobana as shown by the German geographer, cartographer and theologian Sebastian Munster. On some maps of the period Taprobana is depicted as Ceylon (Sri Lanka), and on others as the much larger island of Sumatra. In this particular instance Taprobana has the equator running through the southern part of the island and therefore cannot represent Ceylon which lies north of the equator. The position of the equator and the location to the south-west of ‘Pars Indiae’ suggests Sumatra Island. The name, shape and position of the island in the Indian ocean is derived from an earlier world map of Ptolemy contained in a 15th century (pre-1470) manuscript and represents a vestige of the mythical islands of Ptolemy’s land-locked Indian Ocean (Mare Indicum). The cartouche contains an old Gothic text referring to Taprobana and Sumatra and the commodities available on the island including pepper, one of the major spices produced in Sumatra. The map was probably published in Münster’s Geographia Universalis in 1540.
Size image: 34 cm x 25 cm