A New Chart of the Java Sea c.1794
This is an edited reproduction of a map originally published in 1794 by Laurie and Whittle of London in ‘The East India Pilot, or Oriental Navigator, on One Hundred and Eighteen Plates: Containing a Complete Collection of Charts and Plans’. In line with other sea charts of this period there is very little information about the inland areas. For merchants the seas and coastal cities were all that mattered.
Size image: 34 cm x 93 cm
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H 34 cm x W 93 cm
This French map of Batavia was originally published in Paris around 1750 in A.Prévost’s ‘l’Histoire générales des Voyages’ (General History of Voyages). The map shows the city and castle of Batavia with a key showing the main buildings and areas, the old Dutch castle and the old city walls.
Size: 30 cm x 23 cm
Decorative map of the modern world, originaly published in Munster’s 1550 edition of Cosmographia. This is the first map to name the Pacific Ocean (Mare Pacificum). Munster is non-committal about the continuity of the only recently discovered North and South America, an unbroken Central America being implied but not clearly shown. All of North America is called Terra Florida and the west coast of America appears on the right side of the map. Though unnamed, Terra Australis is present but small. Munster adds further to the confusion over Taprobana (Ceylon or Sumatra), depicting a Sumatra-shaped Taprobana on the west side of the Indian sub-continent, and Java in position of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) off the southeast coast of India. In Africa, the legendary mountains of the moon are shown as the origin of the Nile.
Size image: 39 cm x 27 cm
The strangely shaped islands and early place names provide a fascinating early view of the region on this 450 years old map. This map of South East Asia by Girolamo Ruscelli’s edition of Ptolemy’s ‘Geographia’ was published in Venice in 1561. The crudely executed map shows some evidence of the Portugese discoveries in the early 16th century such as the location of Malacca. East of Malacca is Java Minor, south of Sumatra is Java Major. Little of the Indonesian archipelago is accurately depicted on this early map of the region. The map represents a transition from the old Ptolemaic model of the far east, based largely on the accounts of Marco Polo, and the Ortelian model based on access to the Portugese portolan charts of the area.
size image: 25 cm x 19 cm
Mid-18th century map showing the route taken by Abel Tasman on his way to discovering New Zealand, Tasmania, Tonga and Fiji. The map was originally published by Francois Valentyn in his ‘Oud en Nieuw Oost Indien’ (Old and New East Indies). Tasman started his voyage in Mauritius and left Batavia on August 14th 1642, commanded by the VOC, to determine whether the already discovered (north)west Australian coasts were connected with the hypothetical southern continent. The results of Tasman’s second voyage of 1644 are not included in this map.
size image: 47 cm x 31 cm