Indonesian Archipelago c.1578
Spice Islands and the Indonesian Archipelago, entitled Insulae Moluccae celeberrimae. Engraved by Petrus Plancius, the great Dutch engraver and first Hydrographer to the Dutch East India Company (VOC), and compiled from the latest and highly secret Portuguese sources, the map provides the most detailed cartographic knowledge of the region at the end of the 16th century that was collected by Huygen van Linschoten, the young Dutch secretary to the Portuguese Archbishop of Goa.
The map was originally bound into some editions of his seminal work, the Itinerario, especially the English edition of 1578, the first popular sailing guide to the ports and cities of the Portuguese trading empire in the Far East including the Spice Islands, China and Japan. The information portrayed in the map, that could bring the death penalty in Portugal if made public at the end of the 16th century, sold for a few Pffenigs in Amsterdam in 1617.